Unseasonably heavy rain during the period of December 31 to January 12 has caused widespread flooding in Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia. Over 1.6 million people in more than 5,244 villages in at least 119 districts have been affected in Thailand alone, according to the Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (DDPM). Thailand. A total of 12 provinces have been affected by flooding in southern Thailand as of Monday January 16, including the provinces of Phatthalung, Songkhla, Trang, Surat Thani, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Chumphon, Krabi, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Yala, Ranong, Pattani and Narathiwat according to the DDPM. Over 530,000 homes have reportedly been damaged by flooding, with the southern provinces of Nakhon Si Thammarat and Surat Thani appearing to be worst affected at this time. According to the Thai Meteorological Department (TMD) more than 24 in (600 mm) of rainfall was recorded in 24 hrs in the southern province of Nakhon Si Thammarat Agromet from January 5, with some areas of southern Thailand recording over 40 in (1 m) of rain between January 2 and 8.. As of Monday January 16, media reports indicate that 43 people have been killed as a result of the flooding. Flooding continues in the provinces of Nakhon Si Thammarat, Phatthalung, Trang, Surat Thani, Prachuap Khiri Khan and Songkhla. On Monday January 16, authorities in Songkhla inidcated that it would take at least 10 days for the floodwaters to receede. Government officials said on Monday January 9 that the widespread flooding has affected infrastructure, with the main airport in the southern province of Nakhon Si Thammarat likely to be closed for the foreseeable future. A rail route between Bangkok and Nakhon Si Thammarat has also been suspended.. Southern Thailand is a major rubber-producing area and the flooding will likely impact rubber production causing a shortage in supply this year. Malaysia. Heavy rains since January 1 have caused severe river flooding in north and eastern Malaysia in the states of Kelantan, Terengganu and Pahang. A number of rivers have risen to above flood stage and have inundated low-lying areas with up to 5.0 ft (1.5 m) of floodwater, flooding several towns and villages. It is not known at this time how many buildings have been impacted. Relief efforts are being hampered by mudslides and significant damage to infrastructure. At least 25,000 people have been affected. Water levels in the worst affected areas are beginning to recede. Indonesia. Flash flooding in Indonesia’s West Nusa Tenggara from December 23 has damaged up to 20,000 structures to varying degrees, including 60 health centers and 27 educational facilities. A state of emergency has been declared in Bima District after at least 30 villages in 6 sub-districts were inundated with up to 3.2 ft (1 m) of floodwater. Around 100,000 people have been impacted or evacuated .